40 Hannah Bible Verses: Her Story and Prayer of Faith

Hannah is a remarkable woman worth knowing and leaerning from. She was the mother of Samuel, a great prophet and judge in Israel, and the wife of Elkanah. She was a humble woman of faith who believed in God’s Word and power. These detailed Hannah Bible verses take us on a deep dive into her life, pain, and ultimately, her breakthrough and miracle. 

Hannah’s story is one of the most inspiring ones in the Old Testament. It started with agony and sorrow, yet we see that transform to hope when Hannah prayed to the Lord to change her situation. In the end, we see that Hannah didn’t forget what God had done but offered God praise and thanksgiving. 

Hannah’s life shows the power of fervent and heartfelt prayer to the Lord. Our hearts and situations change when we pray. This is an inspiring story for us to remember.

Her story has a happy ending when her desires are fulfilled, and she lives a full life with abundance and blessings from the Most High God.

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Hannah Bible Verses

In the Holy Bible, we find a few women who struggled with infertility namely Sarah, Rebekah, Rachel, and Hannah. But as we go through these Hannah in the Bible Verses, we quickly realize that her response was different from the rest. 

Unlike the other women who complained or took matters into their own hands, Hannah prayed to the Lord. She humbled herself and sought the One who had all the power. Let’s take a deep dive into this powerful story. 

Who Is Hannah in the Bible?

The story of Hannah is found in 1 Samuel 1 & 1 Samuel 2. Hannah was one of the wives of Elkanah. His other wife, Peninnah, was a wicked woman. Hannah was childless, while Peninah had children.

Elkanah was a godly man as he went to worship and presented an annual sacrifice to the Lord with his entire family.

1 Samuel 1:1-3

Now there was a certain man of Ramathaimzophim, of mount Ephraim, and his name was Elkanah, the son of Jeroham, the son of Elihu, the son of Tohu, the son of Zuph, an Ephrathite:

And he had two wives; the name of the one was Hannah, and the name of the other Peninnah: and Peninnah had children, but Hannah had no children. 

And this man went up out of his city yearly to worship and to sacrifice unto the Lord of hosts in Shiloh. And the two sons of Eli, Hophni and Phinehas, the priests of the Lord, were there.

Even though God had closed Hannah’s womb, her husband Elkanah loved her very much and gave her a double portion of the offering, more than Peninah and her children. Elkanah’s other wife Peninah became jealous and bitter because of the love and affection given to Hannah. So, she caused great anguish in Hannah’s life provoking her because she was a barren woman. 

Hannah became a woman of sorrowful spirit who wept often and didn’t eat. This went on for a long time. Elkanah didn’t understand his wife Hannah and the sorrow and sadness she had. He loved her, so he didn’t understand why he wasn’t enough for her and why she still longed for her own child. 

1 Samuel 1:4-8

And when the time was that Elkanah offered, he gave to Peninnah his wife, and to all her sons and her daughters, portions:

But unto Hannah he gave a worthy portion; for he loved Hannah: but the Lord had shut up her womb.

And her adversary also provoked her sore, for to make her fret, because the Lord had shut up her womb.

And as he did so year by year, when she went up to the house of the Lord, so she provoked her; therefore she wept, and did not eat.

Then said Elkanah her husband to her, Hannah, why weepest thou? and why eatest thou not? and why is thy heart grieved? am not I better to thee than ten sons?

Hannah’s Fervent Prayer

After years of deep anguish, Hannah decided to go to the presence of the Lord while they were in Shiloh for the yearly sacrifice. She went to the temple, humbled herself, and started praying, pleading, and weeping before the Lord Almighty. 

1 Samuel 1:9-10

So Hannah rose up after they had eaten in Shiloh, and after they had drunk. Now Eli the priest sat upon a seat by a post of the temple of the Lord.

And she was in bitterness of soul, and prayed unto the Lord, and wept sore.

In Hannah’s fervent prayer to the Lord, she asked God to look at her plight and grant her a male child. 

What does Hannah promise God? She promised the Lord that if He remembered her and granted her a child, she would dedicate him to the Lord all the days of his life and no razor would be used on his head.

1 Samuel 1:11

And she vowed a vow, and said, O Lord of hosts, if thou wilt indeed look on the affliction of thine handmaid, and remember me, and not forget thine handmaid, but wilt give unto thine handmaid a man child, then I will give him unto the Lord all the days of his life, and there shall no razor come upon his head.

Eli’s Response to Hannah’s Prayer

As Hannah prayed, the priest Eli was watching her, and because she only moved her lips and prayed in her heart, Eli assumed she had been drinking. Evidently praying silently was not the norm. So, he rebuked her for coming to the house of the Lord drunk. 

1 Samuel 1:12-14

And it came to pass, as she continued praying before the Lord, that Eli marked her mouth.

Now Hannah, she spake in her heart; only her lips moved, but her voice was not heard: therefore Eli thought she had been drunken.

And Eli said unto her, How long wilt thou be drunken? put away thy wine from thee.

Hannah calmly and respectfully answered Eli that she wasn’t drunk but that she was a desperate woman who was praying and presenting her needs to the Lord Almighty. After this, Eli blessed her and prayed for the Most High God to grant her the answer she desired. 

After this, Hannah went home, fully believing that her prayer would be answered. She was no longer sad nor did she weep as before, but she ate and had joy in her heart. 

1 Samuel 1:15-18

And Hannah answered and said, No, my lord, I am a woman of a sorrowful spirit: I have drunk neither wine nor strong drink, but have poured out my soul before the Lord.

Count not thine handmaid for a daughter of Belial: for out of the abundance of my complaint and grief have I spoken hitherto.

Then Eli answered and said, Go in peace: and the God of Israel grant thee thy petition that thou hast asked of him. 

And she said, Let thine handmaid find grace in thy sight. So the woman went her way, and did eat, and her countenance was no more sad.

For more help growing in your walk with God, you’ll want to be sure to check out all these Practical Ways to Get Closer to God Today!

The Birth of Hannah’s Son Samuel

In the course of time Hannah’s prayer was answered, and God remembered her request. He opened Hannah’s womb, and she became pregnant, later giving birth to a male child. She gave him the name Samuel, because she had asked him of the Lord, and He had granted her request.  

1 Samuel 1:19-20

And they rose up in the morning early, and worshipped before the Lord, and returned, and came to their house to Ramah: and Elkanah knew Hannah his wife; and the Lord remembered her.  

Wherefore it came to pass, when the time was come about after Hannah had conceived, that she bare a son, and called his name Samuel, saying, Because I have asked him of the Lord.

Eli continued to go to Shiloh for his annual sacrifice, but because Hannah was still nursing her baby, she didn’t go. She informed her husband that she would go once the baby was weaned and present him to the Lord. 

1 Samuel 1:21-22

And the man Elkanah, and all his house, went up to offer unto the Lord the yearly sacrifice, and his vow.

But Hannah went not up; for she said unto her husband, I will not go up until the child be weaned, and then I will bring him, that he may appear before the Lord, and there abide for ever.

Hannah’s Vow Fulfilled

When the boy Samuel was weaned, Hannah remembered her vow that she had made when she prayed, and she took a three-year-old bull, ephah of flour, and a skin of wine to Shiloh. She then presented the child to the priest Eli. 


1 Samuel 1:24-25

And when she had weaned him, she took him up with her, with three bullocks, and one ephah of flour, and a bottle of wine, and brought him unto the house of the Lord Almighty in Shiloh: and the child was young.

And they slew a bullock, and brought the child to Eli.

Hannah reminded Eli of their meeting, her prayer and petition to the Lord, and Eli’s blessing and prayer for God to answer her. She dedicated Samuel to the Lord so that he would serve the Lord his whole life. 

1 Samuel 1:26-28

And she said, Oh my lord, as thy soul liveth, my lord, I am the woman that stood by thee here, praying unto the Lord.

For this child I prayed; and the Lord hath given me my petition which I asked of him:

Therefore also I have lent him to the Lord; as long as he liveth he shall be lent to the Lord. And he worshipped the Lord there.

Hannah’s Prayer of Thanksgiving

Hannah praised the Most High Lord for hearing her and gave Him thanks for giving her victory over her enemies. Peninah had demonstrated such arrogance and believed that the situation of a barren woman would not change, but circumstances had changed in Hannah’s favor. 

Hannah praised God, for He is holy and is our Rock. Even though she had been weak spiritually, the Lord had strengthened her with a breakthrough and miracle in the form of her child. 

1 Samuel 2:1-5

And Hannah prayed, and said, My heart rejoiceth in the Lord, mine horn is exalted in the Lord: my mouth is enlarged over mine enemies; because I rejoice in thy salvation.

There is none holy as the Lord: for there is none beside thee: neither is there any rock like our God.

Talk no more so exceeding proudly; let not arrogancy come out of your mouth: for the Lord is a God of knowledge, and by him actions are weighed.

The bows of the mighty men are broken, and they that stumbled are girded with strength.

They that were full have hired out themselves for bread; and they that were hungry ceased: so that the barren hath born seven; and she that hath many children is waxed feeble.

Hannah recognized the sovereign power of God. He has the power of life and death in His hands (Matthew 10:28). He can give and take away riches, and He also elevates people who are looked down upon and brings them to high places. 

God did this in the life of people like David, Joseph, and Esther who had humble upbringings yet rose and sat among rulers and princes and inherited the throne of honor. No one can stand against the Lord’s power. 

He is a just God who protects and provides for those who are faithful and obedient to His Word, while He casts into a place of darkness those who are wicked and do evil. 

He is a just God who protects and provides for those who are faithful and obedient to His Word, while He casts into a place of darkness those who are wicked and do evil. 

1 Samuel 2:6-9

The Lord killeth, and maketh alive: he bringeth down to the grave, and bringeth up.

The Lord maketh poor, and maketh rich: he bringeth low, and lifteth up.

He raiseth up the poor out of the dust, and lifteth up the beggar from the dunghill, to set them among princes, and to make them inherit the throne of glory: for the pillars of the earth are the Lord’s, and he hath set the world upon them.

He will keep the feet of his saints, and the wicked shall be silent in darkness; for by strength shall no man prevail.

Some Bible scholars view the last part of Hannah’s prayer of Thanksgiving as a prophecy of the coming of Jesus Christ. He is the anointed One, the King of kings who judges to the end and puts all His enemies under His feet (1 Corinthians 15:25-28)

1 Samuel 2:10

The adversaries of the Lord shall be broken to pieces; out of heaven shall he thunder upon them: the Lord shall judge the ends of the earth; and he shall give strength unto his king, and exalt the horn of his anointed.

young woman kneeling and praying curtain wall in background text overlay about Hannah Bible verses

Hannah’s Love for Samuel

The child Samuel grew and continued to minister unto the Lord before Eli the priest. His mother did not raise him in her home, but she continued to visit him every year. To give him a token and reminder of her love and to keep him warm, Hannah made a little coat every year and gave it to Samuel. 

1 Samuel 2:18-19

But Samuel ministered before the Lord, being a child, girded with a linen ephod.

Moreover his mother made him a little coat, and brought it to him from year to year, when she came up with her husband to offer the yearly sacrifice.

Hannah’s Blessing

When Elkanah and Hannah went to Shiloh, Eli prayed for them and ask the Lord to give Hannah more children because of the great sacrifice she had made in giving her firstborn to serve the Lord his whole life. 

In the course of time Hannah was blessed and remembered by the Lord. She went on to have three more sons and two daughters. She went from being a barren woman to a fruitful woman. Her prayer of faith opened the door for blessings and abundance in her life. 

1 Samuel 2:20-21

And Eli blessed Elkanah and his wife, and said, The Lord give thee seed of this woman for the loan which is lent to the Lord. And they went unto their own home.

And the Lord visited Hannah, so that she conceived, and bare three sons and two daughters. And the child Samuel grew before the Lord.

Learn More About the Story of Hannah in the Bible

If you’d like to dive deeper into her story, you’ll want to check out this story of Hannah in the Bible study that comes with free resources! 

FREE! Hannah Bible Verses & Character Bible Study

Download these Hannah Bible Study Questions for FREE! Included are 10 study questions and 5 reflection questions, along with the specific Bible verses to read her story.

3 Hannah Bible Verses Study Questions worksheets watercolor branches background

Resources to Learn More about Inspiring Bible Women

If you’d like to study the story and lives of other inspiring women of the Bible, you’ll want to check out this 30-day Bible reading plan and journal >> Inspiring Women of the Bible Study Journal – Digital & Printable!

Be sure to read more from our Women of the Bible Series!

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Tinashe Jaricha is a child of God, saved by His amazing grace. Her passion is to encourage moms to grow in Biblical knowledge. She shares Christian living tips and resources at Our God Is With Us.

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